We all look for our careers in our hobbies, right ? If someone is interested in painting, he/she would look so art-related career options, If someone is into studies, he/she would go for engineering or medical or IS/IPS, etc. Similarly there are jobs in which people don’t really know that they like doing from the very start but when they explore these options, they enjoy doing that too.

One such Career example is of being into Detective Services. Dynamic and challenging at the same time, a career in private detection offers more scope than merely following your target. More often than not, the word ‘detective’ immediately conjures up an image of Sherlock Holmes, How tactful and smart he is when on his job of finding the murder or detecting who is the suspect of threat. They not only lighten the burden of the law and order enforcement agencies but also strive to address the issue of civilian security properly.


Generally a private investigator would carry out background research, which may involve asking questions and analysing information. His/her work may also include:

  • surveillance
  • fraud investigation (for example, insurance or accident claims)
  • tracing missing persons
  • investigating commercial piracy
  • personnel vetting.

Qualities to be kept in mind

Communication & interactive skills are of vital importance. Detectives & criminal investigators must be able to effectively communicate verbally and in writing. They should be willing and comfortable speaking with witnesses, suspects or victims, and need to show a sense of compassion whilst simultaneously paying a great deal of attention to detail.

Not only he has to be attentive to what he is hearing  but also to what the suspect might be hiding behind his words, his actions or his expressions. A detective must not take a very long time to investigate a particular case because as the time would pass, the suspects would be able to hide away or even destroy the important case facts. Characteristics like honesty, discipline, integrity & responsibility together with good physical fitness are also part of the bargain in this career.

Types of Detectives

The following are examples of types of private detectives and investigators:

  • Computer forensics investigators specialize in recovering, analyzing, and presenting information from computers to be used as evidence. Many focus on recovering deleted emails and documents.
  • Legal investigators help prepare criminal defenses, verify facts in civil lawsuits, locate witnesses, and serve legal documents. They often work for lawyers and law firms.
  • Corporate investigators conduct internal and external investigations for corporations. Internally, they may investigate drug use in the workplace or ensure that expense accounts are not abused. Externally, they may try to identify and stop criminal schemes, such as fraudulent billing by a supplier.
  • Financial investigators may be hired to collect financial information on individuals and companies attempting to make large financial transactions. These investigators are often certified public accountants (CPAs) who work closely with investment bankers and other accountants. Investigators might search for assets to recover damages awarded by a court in fraud and theft cases.

Education and after Training

Necessary Qualifications for all:


The type of education you take up would depend on the type of Detective you want to be. Education requirements vary greatly with the job, but most jobs require a high school diploma. Some, though, may require a 2 or 4-year degree in a field such as criminal justice or police science.

Corporate investigators typically need a bachelor’s degree. Often, coursework in finance, accounting, and business is preferred. So they typically have a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field.

Computer forensics investigators often need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or criminal justice. Some colleges and universities now offer certificate programs in computer forensics, and others offer a bachelor’s or a master’s degree.

There is a range of other courses available that could help you develop your skills and knowledge, for example:

  • the Indian Detective Institute (IDI) has details of providers offering a 10-day Foundation Course in Investigation, and a 30-day Professional Private Investigator course
  • the Indian Detective institute (IDI) has details of courses in tracing, and setting up business
  • the Indian Detective Institute’s Advanced Diploma in Private Investigation can be completed before or after you start work in this field.

Some famous names

  1. Ramesh Madan


He is INDIA-based Private Investigator offering professional Private Investigation Services, Serving All over India and internationally. Ramesh Madan is the first Indian to have become “Certified International Investigator” way back in 1967 and the first Asian to be elected as the International President and thereafter Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Council of International Investigators (CII), USA.

2. Rajani Pandit

Rajani Pandit is an Indian private investigator who is regarded as the first woman private investigator in the state of Maharashtra. She has been the subject of a documentary, written two books, received numerous awards, and is considered one of the most famous detectives in India.

Institutes In India for this career

1. University Of Mysore – Karnataka

2. National Institute Of Criminology