Disasters are inevitable and unpredictable but as skillful humans, we can be well-prepared for them. To encourage such preparation and awareness among people, disaster management course is coming into limelight. The course focuses on the causes of disasters and how to minimise their impact. Training in disaster management typically covers disaster response and hazard mitigation.
India is seventh largest country in the world and is highly prone to natural disasters. Also after global warming and its after effects, the nature or cause of these disasters has increased tremendously. During the course student will be introduced to environmental systems, field operations and organisational management, and as Disaster Management.
The course lets students to learn different areas of disaster management, which includes management of the situation, response to the needs of the people and the area, evacuation process, distribution of food and medical care for the injured people.
Disaster management is more of a service related field, so one should enter the field fully prepared that is after understanding the pros and cons of the field. In the planning and policy making, trained and experienced personnel are highly required to give better suggestions.
This field is also demanding people of high patience and potential. Managing and protecting the mass from different hazards is a very important duty and it needs to be carried out with extreme care and caution. Trained manpower is necessary to deal with the situation before, during and after the disasters.
Scope? Seems to be in a lot in a nation like ours..
As India has a large number of vulnerable regions, natural disaster management has emerged as a top priority for the country.
The geological setup of the country makes it highly prone to disasters.
- In the north and north-eastern part-one of the youngest mountain chain – The Himalaya is highly prone to earthquakes, landslides and avalanches.
- Indo-Gangetic plain is prone to floods as well as drought.
- North-western part is prone to drought and desertification while coastal regions are prone to tsunamis and cyclones.
India has an integrated administrative machinery for the management of disasters at the National, State, District and sub-district levels. The basic responsibility of undertaking rescue, relief and rehabilitation measures in the event of natural disasters at present is that of the State Governments concerned with the Central Government supplementing the efforts of the States by providing financial and logistical support.
In the country, Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal agency which monitors and manages the disasters. Other ministries/departments like agriculture, chemical, civil aviation, railways, road transport, environment and forest, health and atomic energy are responsible for their respective areas.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSC) has introduced the subject on Disaster Management in Social Science for classes VIII in the year 2003 and for class IX in 2004 and for class X thereafter.
After school, these courses are to done:
- Certificate programme in Disaster Management (CDM)
- PG Diploma programme in Disaster Management( PGDDM)
Colleges that provide course in Disaster Management
NGOs and International organizations such as World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB), United Nations Organisations (UNO), Red Cross, UNESCO offer various opportunities for professionally trained disaster management professionals. They are recruited for conducting training and workshops on disaster management to the general public and for other related activities.